The city was founded on August 15, 1540, under the name of "Beautiful Villa of Our Lady of the Asunta" on behalf of the Marquis Francisco Pizarro and 22 September 1541 King Carlos V in Royal Decree orders that the call "City of Arequipa." In the colonial period it became important for its outstanding economic role, and is characterized by the fidelismo to the Spanish Crown, receiving titles like "Very Noble and Loyal 'and the' Faithful" by the crown. In the republican history of Peru the city has been the focus of popular, civic and democratic rebellion, it has also been the cradle of outstanding intellectual figures, political and religious country. In the Republican era it is granted the title of "Heroic city of Arequipa free."
16°24'34.1 South latitude
71°32'12.4" west longitude
The weather for the city is predominantly dry in winter, autumn and spring due to atmospheric moisture, it is also semiarid because of the effective precipitation and tempered by the thermal condition. It is devoid of the rigors of winter and the overwhelming summers on the coast, a situation that ensures the presence of a vital sun and a clear sky with 300 days of sunshine a year and a record 4,000 hours of sun exposure a year justifying the nickname "City of the eternal blue sky" it receives.
to travel to Arequipa, the first thing you say is that you need to know the basics of this beautiful destination in southern Peru. Arequipa is known as the White City because many of its buildings have been made with a white stone volcanic area (ashlar).