Machu Picchu in Spanish means "Old Mountain" is a contemporary name given to an ancient Andean settlement built in the middle of the XV century on the rocky promontory that links the mountains Machu Picchu and Huayna Picchu on the eastern slope of the south central mountain range Peru.
Machu Picchu is located at 2490 masl, altitude of its main square, where its original name would have been Picchu or Piccho, finally called by the surrounding mountains Machu Picchu.
According to documents from the mid-sixteenth century, Machu Picchu would have been one of the rest homes of Pachacútec, ninth Inca of Tahuantinsuyo between 1438 and 1470. However, some of its best constructions and the obvious ceremonial character of the main access road to The llaqta or Machu Picchu, would prove that it was used as a religious sanctuary.
Machu Picchu has been on UNESCO's World Heritage List since 1983, as part of an entire cultural and ecological complex known as the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu. On July 7, 2007, Machu Picchu was declared one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World at a ceremony held in Lisbon, Portugal, with the participation of one hundred million voters worldwide, choosing Machu Picchu as one from them.Machu Picchu is considered at the same time a masterpiece of architecture and engineering. Its peculiar architectural and scenic features have made it one of the most popular tourist destinations on the planet.